A.B.A. is a mixture of 7 different bacteria in suspended animation. Their pourpose in the aquaculture system is to:
• decrease the dissolved organics
• decrease the suspended, settleable fecal and feed solid
• oxidize the ammonia-nitrogen and nitrite-nitrogen
• decrease the nitrate-nitrogen
• rapidly clears and purifies water for optimal fish and aquatic health
• controls Algae and improves water quality
•Aerobacter aerogenes: in a well oxygenated environment oxidizes carbohydrates and short-chain organic acids to carbon dioxide and water.
• Bacillus subtilis:oxidizes a variety of carbohydrates, organic acids, and other organic compounds such as fats, oils, proteins and starches.
• Cellulomonas biazotea converts cellulose to soluble carbohydrates which it in turn utilizes for growth.
• Nitrosomonas sp. oxdizes ammonia-nitrogen to nitrate-nitrogen
• Nitrobacter winogradskyi oxidizes nitrite-nitrogen to nitrate-nitrogen.
• Pseudomonas denitrificans and Pseudomonas stutzeri will reduce nitrate-nitrogen levels when in severely decreased dissolved oxygen levels.
• Rhodopseudomonas Palustris uses light energy to oxidize organic compounds photobiochemically in conditions of reduced oxigen levels.
FRESHWATER SYSTEMS: In freshwater aquaria, garden ponds and other aquatic ecosystems apply 5 drops per 100 liters (25 gallons) of water or 1 ml per 400 liters (100 gallons) of water with aeration to control elevated nitrite and ammonia levels. Treatment should be continued weekly. Shake well before using.
SALTWATERSYSTEM: Apply as for freshwater systems but at double the dosage, 4 ppm or 2 ml per 400 liters (100 gallons). If the pH is above 8.5, apply at five times these dosage levels. For optimum performance, reapply a full dose on a weekly basis.
FRESHWATER START UP/SEEDING OF BIOLOGICAL FILTERS: Add 5 drops per 100 liters (25 gallons) of aquarium, pond or aquatic ecosystem water (1 ml per 400 liters- 100 gallons). Aerate system for 7 to 10 days during start-up. You may wish to monitor ammonia and nitrite levels to chart A.B.A. activity. Repeat treatment after 72 hours. Fish may be introduced when ammonia and nitrite levels fall into the safe range. Continue to apply A.B.A. weekly to assure excellent water quality.